Bull Market Definition


BondsBonds refer to the debt instruments issued by governments or corporations to acquire investors’ funds for a certain period. Thus, the exercise price is a term used in the derivative market. During this favorable market period, stocks like Dow Jones Industrial Average and S&P 500 performed stunningly.

bull market occurs

This bull market ended as the market crashed in an instant in October 1987, with the S&P 500 falling by 22.6% within one day – a day labeled Black Monday. During a bull market, investors are more confident to invest internationally. They get encouraged in a bullish market to expand the existing portfolio. In a growing economy, banks tend to lower their interest rates on loans, and it encourages business and entrepreneurial activity and allows more companies to expand. When central banks like the United States Federal Reserve lower their interest rates, stocks become an attractive investment opportunity for more people. The chart below shows how bull markets can last for years, but the average growth remains around 6% throughout.

Primary trends

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  • If several investors feel positive about certain security, asset, or stock, it can create a movement caused by crowd psychology.
  • The longest-lasting bear market in history, longer than the one after the Great Depression, started after the financial crash in 2009.
  • Or, you may invest in index funds that allow you to invest in hundreds of companies at once.
  • Keep in mind that not all sectors, industries and stocks will rise in a bull market, but most tend to follow the indexes higher.
  • Secular bull markets can experience several market corrections (10% decrease) along the way but keep sustained growth over a more extended period.

Moving averages are highly popular among forex traders, mostly because of their… When a market, instrument, or sector is on an upward trend, it is generally referred to as a bull market. In 2022, concerns over an inflation surge and potential rises of the federal funds rate caused a bear market. As a result of the financial crisis of 2007–2008, a bear market occurred between October 2007 and March 2009. A long-term bear market occurred from about 1973 to 1982, encompassing the 1970s energy crisis and the high unemployment of the early 1980s. A market where prices have been rising over time – and haven’t fallen by more than 20% from their most recent peak.

Buy and Hold

Investors in a bullish market worry less about sudden huge losses than those in a bearish market. In other words, the chances of suffering big losses are smaller in bull markets than in bear markets. The stock market’s average annual return from 1926 to 2021 was 12.3%.

Jim Cramer says we’re in a bull market, so buy on the dip – CNBC

Jim Cramer says we’re in a bull market, so buy on the dip.

Posted: Tue, 31 Jan 2023 08:00:00 GMT [source]

In addition, the main differences between bull and bear markets, define secular and cyclical bull markets, and discuss some investment strategies prevalent in a bull market. The third stageof the three bull market phasesis known as the excess phase. At this point, the market becomes hot again for all investors, and informed investors start to scale back their positions, selling them off to new market entrants. The last of the buyers to enter the market do so after big gains have already been achieved. They hope that recent returns will continue, but they’re buying near the top.

Historic Examples

Either way, the goal is to spot the next price move and act on it to gain a profit if the timing is right. If investors trust their government, they invest their money in the stock market, causing the stock prices to rise. Furthermore, investors actively participate in a bull market by seeking to take advantage of market opportunities and earn a higher return relative to the risk they have accepted. According to standard theory, a decrease in price will result in less supply and more demand, while an increase in price will do the opposite.

In «Macbeth,» the ill-fated titular character says his enemies have tethered him to a stake but «bear-like, I must fight the course.» In «Much Ado About Nothing,» the bull is a savage but noble beast.


Post-War Boom after World War II – End of World War II and a time where the U.S. was able to increase exports exponentially all over the world. A few examples of technical indicators includemoving averages, the Moving Average Convergence Divergence , Stochastic, and theRelative Strength Index. Determine significant support and resistance levels with the help of pivot points. Find the approximate amount of currency units to buy or sell so you can control your maximum risk per position. From basic trading terms to trading jargon, you can find the explanation for a long list of trading terms here.


An important factor for its sustenance is believed to be the Fed funds target interest rate which was kept close to zero in the US. Aggregate DemandsAggregate Demand is the overall demand for all the goods and the services in a country and is expressed as the total amount of money which is exchanged for such goods and services. It is a relationship between all the things which are bought within the country with their prices. The first gold bull market occurred in the 1970s when Nixon ended the gold standard, and the price went from a mere $35 to a whopping $850. With this recent rise, the Dow is more than 20% above its 52-week low, which puts it in a new bull market. With that bull market long gone, China started removing some of those limits, including allowing lenders to extend debt to developers in trouble.

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Characteristics of a Bull Market

William O’Neil reported that, since the 1950s, a https://forexaggregator.com/ top is characterized by three to five distribution days in a major stock market index occurring within a relatively short period of time. Distribution is a decline in price with higher volume than the preceding session. In a secular bear market, the prevailing trend is «bearish» or downward-moving. An example of a secular bear market occurred in gold between January 1980 to June 1999, culminating with the Brown Bottom. During this period the market gold price fell from a high of $850/oz ($30/g) to a low of $253/oz ($9/g).

  • As a result of the financial crisis of 2007–2008, a bear market occurred between October 2007 and March 2009.
  • Statues of the two symbolic beasts of finance, the bear and the bull, in front of the Frankfurt Stock Exchange.
  • During a Bear Market, investor confidence is very low, and usually, the economy witnesses a large sell-off of stocks.
  • The Great Depression – Stock Market Crash of 1929 witnessed the largest drop in overall stock market value and the highest unemployment rate recorded in U.S. history.
  • Bull markets often exist side-by-side a strong, robust, and growing economy.

ProfitabilityProfitability refers to a company’s ability to generate revenue and maximize profit above its expenditure and operational costs. It is measured using specific ratios such as gross profit margin, EBITDA, and net profit margin. EquityEquity refers to https://trading-market.org/’s ownership of a company representing the amount they would receive after liquidating assets and paying off the liabilities and debts. It is the difference between the assets and liabilities shown on a company’s balance sheet.


The positive trend of a bull market drives investor confidence in the stock market to deliver profits and pay dividends. It usually goes hand in hand with rising economic indicators, such as the gross domestic product , which is an indicator of the health of the economy. Bull markets generally occur when the rate of employment is high, there is a strong economy, and there is low inflation. Consumers spend more, which means that businesses experience an increase in profits and contribute more to the economy.